The most frequently used names are YHWH, usually rendered as Yahweh (ca. The resulting substitute made from semivowels and glottals, known as the tetragrammaton, is not ordinarily permitted to be pronounced aloud, even in prayer. Almost all Orthodox Jews avoid using either Yahweh or Jehovah altogether on the basis that the actual pronunciation of the tetragrammaton has been lost in antiquity. Below are the various names of God listed in the order of their first appearance in the Bible. These souls are in heavens for a fixed lifespan and even they have to undergo reincarnation as humans to achieve moksha. Pashaura Singh (2014), in The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies (Editors: Pashaura Singh, Louis E. Fenech), Oxford University Press, Names and titles of Jesus in the New Testament, Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, right belief, right knowledge and right conduct, (PDF) Sacraments of the Incarnate Word: The Christological Form of the Summa theologiae, "Preface to the New American Standard Bible", "[KS] Name used for "god" in Korean language", "How can we come to know our Father in Heaven? In the Book of Revelation in the Christian New Testament, God is quoted as saying "I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End". [citation needed], "HaShem" redirects here. Some of the popular names for God in Sikhism are: In the Sikh scripture, both Hindu and Muslim names of the Supreme Being are also commonly employed, expressing different aspects of the divine Name. Allah—meaning "the god" in Arabic—is the name of God in Islam. Thus, Rishabhanatha was god/Tirthankara but he was not the only Tirthankara; there were many other Tirthankara. Names had, among other purposes, an explanatory purpose (e.g., Nabal, whose name means "fool," is the target of Abigail's explanation to David: "For as his name is, so is he; Nabal is his name, and folly is with him:" - 1Sa 25:25). THE MANY NAMES OF GOD • Documents • Old Testament Documents • Miscellaneous Documents Give thanks to Yahweh, call on his name (Psalms 105:1a). There are multiple names for God's various manifestations worshiped in Hinduism. Alternatively, a euphemistic English reference such as Hashem (literally, "the Name") may be substituted, or an abbreviation thereof, such as B''H (B'ezrat Hashem "by the blessing of the Name"). 1:8, 21:6, and 22:13). write the name "God" in English, others[who?] Some Quakers refer to God as The Light. The English word "God" (and its equivalent in other languages) is used by multiple religions as a noun or name to refer to different deities, or specifically to the Supreme Being, as denoted in English by the capitalized and uncapitalized terms "God" and "god". R. Toporoski, "What was the origin of the royal 'we' and why is it no longer used? Gods can be thus categorized into embodied gods also known as Tīrthankaras and Arihantas or ordinary Kevalis, and non-embodied formless gods who are called Siddhas. [28] According to Jehovah's Witnesses, the name Jehovah means "He causes to become". The words "God" and "Lord" are written by some Jews as "G-d" and "L-rd" as a way of avoiding writing any name of God in full out. The Name of God as Revealed in Exodus 3:14—an explanation of its meaning. Other elements of religious practice may be shared, especially when communities of different faiths are living in close proximity (for example, the use of Om and Krishna within the Indian Christian community) but usage of the names themselves mostly remains within the domain of a particular religion, or even may help define one's religious belief according to practice, as in the case of the recitation of names of God (such as the japa). Bog is the word for God in most Slavic languages. Ye shall not do so unto the Lord your God. The general halachic opinion is that this only applies to the sacred Hebrew names of God, not to other euphemistic references; there is a dispute as to whether the word "God" in English or other languages may be erased or whether Jewish law and/or Jewish custom forbids doing so, directly or as a precautionary "fence" about the law. For instance, names like Ram (pervading), Hari (shining), Parmeshwar (supreme lord), and Jagdish (world lord) refer to Hindu terms, while names like Allah (Arabic for God), Khuda (Persian for God), Rahim (merciful), Karim (generous), and Sahib (lord) are of Muslim origin. Torrey 1945, 64; Metzger 1957, 96; Moore 1992, 704, Rabbi Adah ben Ahabah and Rabbi Haninuna (possibly citing "'Ulla"), Learn how and when to remove this template message, Modern Hebrew verb conjugation#Present tense, "If an error is made in writing it, it may not be erased, but a line must be drawn round it to show that it is canceled...", Otto Eissfeldt "אדון ādhōn" en G. Johannes Botterweck, Helmer Ringgren, 'Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, "The Tetragrammaton—The Unpronounceable Four-Letter Name of God", "H46 – 'abiyr – Strong's Hebrew Lexicon (KJV)", "H117 – 'addiyr – Strong's Hebrew Lexicon (KJV)", God's names in Jewish thought and in the light of Kabbalah. He is the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful. A common title of God in the Hebrew Bible is Elohim (Hebrew: אלהים). In Mormonism the name of God the Father is Elohim [22] and the name of Jesus in his pre-incarnate state was Jehovah. When paired with another term for God (e.g. [9] Further historical lists such as The 72 Names of the Lord show parallels in the history and interpretation of the name of God amongst Kabbalah, Christianity, and Hebrew scholarship in various parts of the Mediterranean world.[10]. El Roi, “The God Who Sees” (Genesis 16:13-14) This is perhaps one of my favorite names; calling it out comforts me in my loneliest moments and hardest days. [20], Shàngdì (上帝 pinyin shàng dì, literally 'King Above') is used to refer to the Christian God in the Standard Chinese Union Version of the Bible. Moral rewards and sufferings are not the work of a divine being, but a result of an innate moral order in the cosmos; a self-regulating mechanism whereby the individual reaps the fruits of his own actions through the workings of the karmas. Maharishi Dayanand in his book Vaghasiya Ayush has listed 100 names of God each representing some property or attribute thereof mentioning “Om or Aum” as God's personal and natural name. Halakha requires that secondary rules be placed around the primary law, to reduce the chance that the main law will be broken. Each letter in Hebrew is given a value, according to gematria, and the value of יוד הא ואו הא is also 45. Moses said to God, “Suppose I go to the Israelites and say to them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they ask me, ‘What is his name?’ Then what shall I tell them?” God said to Moses, “I am who I am. [18][19] "Christ" means "the anointed" in Greek (Χριστός). For example, in Judaism the tetragrammaton is sometimes related to the ancient Hebrew ehyeh ("I will be"). This is called nirvana or moksha. Leiden: Brill. Zhŭ and Tiānzhǔ 主,天主 (lit. Deus is the Latin word for God. [5] The question whether divine names used by different religions are equivalent has been raised and analyzed. Participant Handouts for Names and Titles of God 1 List of the Names and Titles of God . (Translation of Qur'an: Chapter 59, Verses 22-24). The attitude as to the transmission of the name in many cultures was surrounded by secrecy. [7] Guru Gobind Singh's Jaap Sahib, which contains 950 names of God. Start studying The 12 Names Of God. Instead of pronouncing YHWH during prayer, Jews say "Adonai" ("Lord"). For theonyms generally, see, Forms of address or reference to the deity of a religion. (Cyrillic script: Бог; Czech: Bůh; Polish: Bóg; Slovak: Boh). [citation needed] By comparison, the nation of Israel struck down efforts to enshrine an allusive reference to God (ב''ה B''H) on its currency in 2002, 2003, and 2009[citation needed] because the frequency of currency destruction was considered too high. Sovereignty of God: Is God Really in Control? Once he begins a name he does not stop until it is finished, and he must not be interrupted while writing it, even to greet a king. If godliness is defined as the state of having freed one's soul from karmas and the attainment of enlightenment/Nirvana and a god as one who exists in such a state, then those who have achieved such a state can be termed gods/Tirthankara. Seven names of God. Jainism offers an elaborate cosmology, including heavenly beings (devas), but these beings are not viewed as creators; they are subject to suffering and change like all other living beings, and must eventually die. Exalted is Allah above whatever they associate with Him. [84] Abba (Father in Hebrew) is a common term used for the creator within Christianity because it was a title Jesus used to refer to God the Father. Jainism does not teach the dependency on any supreme being for enlightenment. Later commentaries additionally suggested that the true pronunciation of this name is composed entirely of vowels, such as the Greek Ιαουε. "Lord" or "Lord in Heaven") are equivalent to "Lord"; these names are used as formal titles of the Christian God in Mainland China's Christian churches. In English, they prefer to use the form Jehovah. Jainism considers the devīs and devas to be souls who dwell in heavens owing to meritorious deeds in their past lives. [45], This article is about names for the single God of monotheistic religions. Rudolf, K. (1978). The word Allah (ਅਲਹੁ) is used 12 times in the Guru Granth Sahib by Sheikh Farid. Each of the verses contains 72 letters. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Before transcribing any of the divine titles or name he prepares mentally to sanctify them. “For great is the Lord, and greatly to be praised, he is to be feared above all gods.” (Psalm 96:4, ESV). [citation needed]. 238 times). [44], In Zoroastrianism, 101 names of God (Pazand Sad-o-yak nam-i-khoda) is a list of names of God (Ahura Mazda). However, these qualities of a soul are subdued due to karmas of the soul. For other people with similar names, see, כִּי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם הוּא אֱלֹהֵי הָאֱלֹהִים וַאֲדֹנֵי הָאֲדֹנִים, Biblical Hebrew did not have strictly defined past, present, or future tenses, but merely perfective and imperfective aspects, with past, present, or future connotation depending on context: see, see Larry W. Hurtado, "God or Jesus? Mandaeans believe in an afterlife or heaven called Alma d'Nhura (World of Light). [citation needed] Neither vowels nor vowel points were used in ancient Hebrew writings and the original vocalisation of YHWH has been lost.[13]. Some biblical scholars say YHWH was most likely pronounced Yahweh. In this context it is usually rendered with a space, " 神", to demonstrate reverence. [citation needed] Other names for God used include Mare d'Rabuta (Lord of Greatness), Mana Rabba (The Great Mind), Melka d'Nhura (King of Light) and Hayyi Qadmaiyi (The First Life). One who achieves this state of soul through right belief, right knowledge and right conduct can be termed as god. He is Allah, other than whom there is no deity, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Perfection, the Bestower of Faith, the Overseer, the Exalted in Might, the Compeller, the Superior. Chanting "Om" and other Sanskrit mantras has proven to be beneficial.[40]. He is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor, the Fashioner; to Him belong the best names. [29], Scriptures frequently cited in support of the name include Isaiah 42:8: "I am Jehovah. ", Bibliography on Divine Names in the Dead Sea Scrolls. ", Life of Moses I 75, Life of Moses II 67,99,132,161 in F.H. A diagram of the names of God in Athanasius Kircher's Oedipus Aegyptiacus (1652–1654). The two waters are mixed in all things in order to achieve a balance. Other names used by Christians include Ancient of Days, Father/Abba which is Hebrew, "Most High" and the Hebrew names Elohim, El-Shaddai, Yahweh, Jehovah and Adonai. God also said to Moses, “Say to the Israelites, ‘The Lord, the God of your fathers—the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob—has sent me to you.’ This is my name forever, the name you shall call me from generation to generation".

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